POLITICAL VIOLENCE MONITORING 2017-06-08T09:54:17+00:00

POLITICAL VIOLENCE MONITORING

Democracy Resource Center Nepal (DRC), Collective Campaign for Peace (CoCAP) and Nepal Monitor are tracking elections related incidents of political violence through DRCN’s  qualitative research and analysis of quantitative data collected by CoCAP/Nepal Monitor.

REPORTS

5:25 am5:25 am

Factsheet: Electoral Violence And Contestation during Nepal’s Local Level Election- Third phase

On September 18, 2017, Nepal held its third and final phase of local elections. Citizens enthusiastically voted to elect representatives to the 136 local units of Bara, Dhanusha, Mahottari, Parsa, Rautahat, Saptari, Sarlahi and Siraha districts of Province 2. Voter turnout was 77 percent. Polls happened after a number of districts in Province 2 had witnessed significant flooding in the month of August.

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2:21 pm2:21 pm

Analysis Update 12 – Campaign Period Incidents Prior to the Third Phase Local Elections

There were eleven election-related incidents recorded during the campaign period for the September 18 third phase of local elections that ran from September 6 to 15. This was the lowest number of incidents recorded during all three phases of elections, with 56 incidents recorded during the first phase campaign period, and 89 incidents recorded during the second phase campaign period.

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9:15 am9:15 am

Analysis Update 11 – Incidents Prior to Nomination for the Third Phase Local Election

There was a small increase in the number of election-related incidents during this reporting period. This increase can be attributed to parties beginning preparations for the third phase of local elections that are scheduled for September 18. Seven election-related incidents were recorded between August 3 and September 5.

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4:35 am4:35 am

Analysis Update 10 – Incidents After the June 28 Elections Vote Counting Period

After the vote counting for the June 28 elections officially concluded on July 11, there was one election-related incident recorded by Nepal Monitor between July 12 and August 2. This is the lowest number of election-related incidents recorded during any equivalent time period since the announcement of local elections on February 20.

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8:33 am8:33 am

Analysis Update 9 – Incidents During the June 28 Elections Vote Counting Period

Election-related incidents declined significantly during the vote counting period that followed the June 28 elections. There were 14 incidents recorded by Nepal Monitor between June 29 and July 11, as compared to 93 incidents during the campaign silence period and the election day, and 89 election-related incidents recorded during the campaign period between June 12 and 25.

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5:58 am5:58 am

Analysis Update 8 – Campaign Period Incidents Prior to Second Phase (June 28) Local Elections

On June 15, the Government of Nepal (GoN) announced that the second phase of local elections would be postponed in Province 2 until September 18, and that elections would go forward as scheduled for June 28 in Provinces 1, 5 and 7. The government said that the decision was taken following an understanding with Rashtriya Janta Party Nepal (RJPN) to allow more time to create an environment for RJPN to participate in elections in Province 2. RJPN, however, denied reaching such agreement and continued to call for elections to be postponed in all provinces. RJPN announced to boycott and disrupt elections across all provinces on June 28, reiterating they would not participate in elections without getting their demands addressed.

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5:25 am5:25 am

Factsheet 2 – Local Level Election, Silence Period and Election Day: Second Phase

On June 28, 2017, more than 6.4 million voters were called upon to participate in the second phase of Nepal’s local polls, electing more than 15,000 local representatives in 334 local units across Provinces 1, 5, and 7. According to the Election Commission of Nepal voter turnout was 73.69 percent, similar to the May 14 first phase elections. Polling was postponed until September 18 in Province 2 after the government could not reach an agreement with agitating Rastriya Janata Party Nepal (RJPN).

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6:57 am6:57 am

Analysis Update 7 – Incidents Prior to Second Phase (June 28) Local Elections

As preparations resumed and campaigning intensified ahead of the second phase of local elections scheduled for June 28, provinces 1, 2, 5 and 7 saw a spike in election - related incidents. Nepal Monitor recorded 46 incidents in these provinces between May 22 and June 11, up from 19 during the period of May 12 to May 21.

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11:16 am11:16 am

Analysis Update 6 – Incidents during the May 14 Elections Counting Period

Election-related incidents declined significantly after the first phase of local elections was held on May 141, with the nation’s attention quickly turning to vote counting.2 According to Nepal Monitor data, there were at least 13 election-related incidents between May 15-21, compared to the 81 incidents reported between May 12-14

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3:07 pm3:07 pm

Factsheet 1 – Electoral Violence and Contestation during Nepal’s Local Election

On May 11 midnight began the silence period for the first phase of local election in Nepal. 4,556,525 registered voters were called upon to elect candidates for 13,556 positions in 283 local bodies of 34 districts in province 3, 4, and 6 on May 14, 2017. According to the Election Commission voter turnout stood at 71 percent of registered voters. Despite various incidents, some involving deadly violence, both the Election Commission of Nepal and National Human Rights Commission in the evening of May 14 concluded that the first phase of election had been relatively peaceful.

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3:05 pm3:05 pm

Analysis Update 5 – Incidents During Campaign Period Before May 14 Elections

The number of election-related incidents significantly increased across Provinces 3, 4, and 6 during this period as political parties intensified their activities for the May 14 first phase of elections.1 Between April 22 and May 10, Nepal Monitor reported at least 56 incidents2 occurring across Province 3, 4, and 6.3

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3:01 pm3:01 pm

Analysis Update 4 – Incidents and Electoral Environment around Local Elections

After the Madheshi Morcha1 withdrew its support from the government2 on March 15, Morcha cadres intensified protests across the Tarai while demanding that the constitution be amended before local elections.3 From April 1-21, 51 incidents related to the local-elections and local-level-restructuring were reported across Nepal.

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9:00 am9:00 am

Analysis Update 3 – Incidents and Electoral Environment after Madheshi Morcha’s Withdrawal of Government Support, April 2017

On March 15, Madheshi Morcha withdrew support for the government and announced it would boycott and disrupt elections scheduled for May 14, 2017 unless its demands are resolved through a constitutional amendment. The Morcha then launched a protest program against the elections.

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8:54 am8:54 am

Analysis Update 2 – Impact of the Saptari Incident on the Electoral Environment,March 2017

On Feb. 20, 2017 the Government of Nepal (GoN) announced that the first local elections in 20 years will be held on May 14, 2017. Citizens are eager to elect local representatives in their own communities and have met the announcement with anticipation. However, the announcement has also led to protest and violent clashes in areas of the Tarai where the constitution remains contested and there are outstanding demands that political issues be resolved before elections are held.

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8:52 am8:52 am

Analysis Update 1 – Mobilization and incidents Around Announcement of the Local Elections,March 2017

On Feb. 20, 2017 the Government of Nepal (GoN) announced that the first local elections in 20 years will be held on May 14, 2017. Citizens are eager to elect local representatives in their own communities and have met the announcement with anticipation. However, the announcement has also led to protest and violent clashes in areas of the Tarai where the constitution remains contested and there are outstanding demands that political issues be resolved before elections are held.

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